They form the main bulk of the thigh, and collectively are one of the most powerful muscles in the body. Femur. It has two large condyles – medial and lateral. The shaft possesses 3 surfaces as well – anterior, medial and lateral. 5. Femur is the longest and strongest bone in the human body. The Linea aspera has distinct medial and lateral lips. Case Discussion. Following structures attach to the intertrochanteric line, Following video summarizes the femoral bone. It marks the junction of the neck with the femur. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The angle facilitates movements of the hip joint. The spiral line is a curved line with its superior end adjacent to the lesser trochanter, nearly continuous with the intertrochanteric line, and converging inferiorly with the pectineal line to form the medial lip of the linea aspera. The cause of the condition is unclear, but genetic, neurologic, neuromuscular and biomechanical agents may contribute to its advancement. Tendons attach the muscles to each other. From the case: Femur - muscle attachments (Gray's illustration) Diagram. Some biarticular muscles â which cross two joints, like the gastrocnemius and plantaris muscles â also originate from the femur. Superficial Muscles. The apex is the inturned posterior part of the posterior border. The greater trochanter is located at the junction between the neck and the shaft of the femur bone. Deep lateral rotators muscles are- piriformis, gemellus superior, gemellus inferior, quadratus femoris and obturator internus. It is the point of insertion of different muscles. The medial supracondylar line stops at the adductor tubercle, where the adductor magnus muscle attaches. The larger, lateral part of the head is supplied by lateral epiphyseal arteries which are derived from the retinacular branches of the medial circumflex femoral artery. It is a clinical label for the patient’s condition with many differentials in the offering. In upper one-third of the shaft, he two lips of the Linea aspera diverge wide to form an additional posterior surface and four borders (medial, lateral, spiral line and the lateral hip of the gluteal tuberosity) and 4 surfaces (anterior, medial, lateral and posterior). A femoral stress fracture is a situation described by an incomplete crack in the femur. Muscles which arise from the femur will cross the knee joint to insert on the proximal tibia â¦ A relationship with type 1 neurofibromatosis or von Recklinghausen’s disease is known but exact pathophysiology […], The typical thoracic vertebrae are seven in number and atypical thoracic vertebra are five in number.Vertebra T2 to T8 are typical and rest of … [Read More...] about Typical and Atypical Thoracic Vertebra. The fovea is a roughened pit just below and behind the center of the head. Search Help in Finding Anterior right femur muscle attachments - Online Quiz Version This set constitutes the main supply and damage to it results in necrosis of the head of the following fractures of the neck of the femur. TheÂ patellofemoralÂ joint is made by the articulation of the patella with the intercondylar groove of the femur. Anteversion is the angle formed between the transverse axis of the upper and lower ends of the femur. Greater Trochanter. Intercondylar fossa or notch separates the lower and posterior parts of the two condyles. The extracapsular part of the neck is supplied by the ascending branch of the medial circumflex femoral artery. The distal fragment is pulled upwards and rotated laterally. It is found on the posterior surface of the femur. The shaft in middle one-third has three borders -medial, lateral and posterior. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It is a traction â¦ The site of attachment for the muscles gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, and piriformis. How Many Ounces in a Gallon ? Copyright Â© 2016 - 2019 How To Relief. The femur is well covered with muscles so that only its superior and inferior ends are palpable. Distal end of femur 37. Medial and lateral condylesÂ âÂ Rounded areas at the end of the femur. A lot of the large thigh muscles arise from and insert on the various parts of the femur. It acts as the site of origin and attachment of many muscles and ligaments, and can be divided into three parts; proximal, shaft and distal. The muscles that form the quadriceps femoris unite proximal to the knee and attach to the patella via the quadriceps tendon. Origin: (proximal attachments) a.Anterior surface of lateral sacrum. Lower band of the iliofemoral ligament in its lower part, Highest fibers of the vastus lateralis from the upper end, Highest fibers of the vastus medialis from the lower end, Quadratus femoris attached on quadrate tubercle, The medial and popliteal surfaces are bare [ Except for part of gastrocnemius origin on the popliteal surface]. Medial head of the gastrocnemius extends to the popliteal surface just above the medial condyle. It extends from the hip, down to the knee, making up the thigh region. Scaled femoral muscle attachment centroids Femoral muscle attachments (mm) Mean This study SD Brand et al. Duda GN(1), Brand D, Freitag S, Lierse W, Schneider E. Author information: (1)Biomechanics Section, Technical University Hamburg-Harburg, Germany. Deep lateral rotators-Muscles that largely act to laterally rotate the femur. The femur (plural: femora) is the longest, most voluminous and strongest bone in the human body. It teams up with tibia and bones of the foot to help you fight against gravity, enabling you to stand and perform movements of your lower limb. Your email address will not be published. In this article, we shall look at the anatomy of the femur â its attachments, bony landmarks, and clinical correlations. The medial surface presents a rough impression, above and a deep trochanteric fossa, below. Gluteus minimus bursa lies deep to the upper horizontal fibers of the adductor magnus. The greater trochanter of the femur is a large, irregular, quadrilateral eminence and a part of the skeletal system. 1. The proximal area of the femur forms the hip joint with the pelvis. It is more than half a sphere and is directed medially, upwards and slightly forwards. Tibial articulation surface over the lateral condyle is short and straight anteroposteriorly whereas the part over the medial condyle is longer and is convex medially. The epiphyseal line for the lower end of the femur passes through it. Between the two condyles, the surface is grooved vertically. The intercondylar line provides attachment to the capsular ligament and laterally to the oblique popliteal ligament. It is convex forwards and is directed obliquely downwards and medially. The lower border, straight and oblique, meets the shaft near the lesser trochanter. The greater trochanter has an upper border with an apex, and 3 surfaces (anterior, medial and lateral). Nutrient artery to shaft of the femur is derived from the second perforating artery. The femur is the only bone in the thigh and the longest bone in the body. The lower end of the lateral supracondylar line gives origin to the plantaris above and the upper part of the lateral head of the gastrocnemius below. Anteriorly, the notch is limited by the patellar articular surface. As mentioned above, the psoas major muscle starts from the lower vertebral column and then travels down through the pelvis and attaches to the femur. Those […], There are five flexor tendon zones in hand. Muscle Attachments. The upper border of the trochanter lies at the level of the center of the head. Lateral condyle of femur Intercondylar notch Head of fibula Lateral condyle of tibia FIGURE 5-2 â¢ Femur, femoral bone markings, and the patella. Attachments on the Femur Head of Femur. Bursas are generally are located around large joints such as the shoulder, knee, hip, and elbow. The upper part of this surface may be covered by articular cartilage. Movement at the tibiofemoral joint happens in two planes: internal and external rotation in the horizontal plane, knee flexion, and extension in the sagittal plane. The muscular impression near the lateral epicondyle gives origin to the lateral head of the gastrocnemius. The Proximal end consists of a head, neck, and two trochanters. They are the area of attachment of some muscles and the collateral ligaments of the knee joint. Muscle attachments. The fovea on the head of the femur provides attachment to the ligament of the head (round ligament, or ligamentum teres). Tibial collateral ligament of the knee – medial epicondyle, Hamstring part of the adductor magnus – adductor tubercle. The posterior and inferior surfaces connect with the tibia and menisci of the knee, while the anterior surface connects with the patella. Medial and lateral epicondylesÂ âÂ Bony elevations on the non-articular areas of the condyles. The femur is also called the thigh bone and is the longest and strongest bone of the body. In all, 23 individual muscles either originate from or insert onto the femur. It forms the medial boundary of the distal attachment of the iliacus muscle. 2. Anteriorly, the condyles articulate with patella and this articulation extends more on the lateral condyle than on the medial. The short head of the biceps femoris arises from the lateral lip of the linea aspera between the vastus lateralis and the adductor magnus, and from the upper two – thirds of the lateral supracondylar line. It is a conical eminence directed medially and backwards from the junction of the posterior part of the neck with the shaft. ( 135 degrees), Coxa vara is a condition where the neck-shaft angle is less than normal (120 degrees). The popliteus arises from the deep anterior part of the popliteal groove. Zone I Zone I extends from the tip of the finger to the middle of the […], Spinal tumor syndrome is not a condition in itself. The anterior surface of the femoral neck is entirely intracapsular. Proximally, the medial border of the linea aspera fits the pectineal line. In turn, the patella is attached to the tibia by the patella ligament. The anterior surface is flat and meets the shaft at the intertrochanteric line. Fibular collateral ligament of the knee attaches to the lateral epicondyle. Head of femur Neck of femur The linea aspera is a long vertical line running along the shaft of the posterior femur. Flexor tendon zones influence prognosis following flexor tendon repair. Pseudarthrosis means false joint. Orthopedic health, conditions and treatment. The vessels produce longitudinal grooves and foramina directed towards the head, mainly on the anterior and posterior- superior surface. The head is directed medially. After epiphyseal fusion, the lateral epiphyseal arteries anastomose freely with the metaphyseal arteries. It is composed of an upper end, a lower end and a shaft. Posteriorly, they are separated by a deep gap, termed the intercondylar fossa or intercondylar notch, and project backwards much beyond the plane of the popliteal surface. The intercondylar line separates the notch from the popliteal surface. Vastus medialis – Lower part of the intertrochanteric line, the spiral line, the medial lip of the linea aspera, and the upper one –fourth of the medial supracondylar line. *. The intracapsular neck is supplied by the retinacular arteries derived chiefly from the trochanteric anastomosis. Muscle attachments of the femur. Adductor brevis is inserted into a line extending from the lesser trochanter to the upper part of the linea aspera, behind the pectineus and the upper part of the adductor longus. Gemellus inferior muscle Insert into the lower edge of Obturator internus’s tendon (indirectly greater trochanter). Iliotibial Tract. The psoas major is inserted on the apex and medial part of the rough anterior surface. How To Protect Your Eyes From Electronics Devices? Distally, the linea aspera increases and forms the floor of the popliteal fossa, the medial and lateral borders form the medial and lateral supracondylar lines. It is a smooth rounded ridge which begins above at the posterior superior angle of the greater trochanter and ends at the lesser trochanter. Instant anatomy is a specialised web site for you to learn all about human anatomy of the body with diagrams, podcasts and revision questions The three vasti attach to the top of the femur. Femur: The femur is classed as a long bone, only bone in the thigh, and the longest bone in the body. The two condyles are partially covered by a large articular surface. Iliacus muscle Insert into the lesser trochanter of the femur. The primary center for the shaft appears in the 7 weeks of intrauterine life. Bursa, a fluid-filled structure that is present between two apposing surfaces to reduce the friction between the two surfaces. The upper end of the femur includes the head, the neck, the greater trochanter, the lesser trochanter, the intertrochanteric line, and the intertrochanteric crest. Medial condyle is convex medially. The bolded words in the descriptions below are there just for you intermediate anatomy student! Articularis genu – just below the vastus intermedius. The posterior surface is convex from above downwards and concave from side to side. Three of the four quadriceps muscles attach to various points on the femur as well. These arterial twigs enter the acetabular notch and then pass along the round ligament to reach the head. The femur ossifies from 5 centres: 1 primary and 4 secondary centres. The rounded elevation, a little above its middle is called the quadrate tubercle. Primary centreÂ appears in the mid shaft in 7th to 8th week of IUL. It meets the shaft at the intertrochanteric crest. Attachments of Gluteus Medius: Origin & Insertion Origin: (proximal attachments) Outer surface of ilium, between the posterior and anterior gluteal lines. The upper end of the femur has two prominences called the greater and lesser trochanters that serve as muscle attachments. The neck forms an angle with the shaft, known as neck-shaft angle and is about 125 in adults [lesser in females]. The head faces superiorward, medialward, and slightly anteriorward. Two faint grooves separate the patellar articulation surface from tibial surfaces. Pectineus: The pectineus muscle is a large flat muscle found in the thigh. HeadÂ âÂ Connects with the acetabulum of the pelvis to make the hip joint. These diagrams have been reproduced from Gray's Anatomy 20th US edition which has now lapsed into the public domain The iliacus is inserted on the anterior surface of the base of the trochanter, and on the area below. It is the site of several muscle attachments. Iliacus muscle Insert into the lesser trochanter of the femur. There are also two bony ridges connecting the two trochanters. Gross anatomy It is composed of the upper extremity, body and lower extremity and provides several muscular origins and insertions. Analytical and experimental models of the musculoskeletal system often assume single values rather than ranges for anatomical input parameters. Piriformis muscle Insert into the superior boundary of the greater trochanter. The cylindrical shaft is convex forwards. The Origin And Insertion Of Muscles Corewalking Hello, What's up guys? When the surface of the cartilage is […], Parsonage Turner syndrome or brachial neuritis is a rare disorder which affects lower motor neurons of brachial plexus and/or nerves and their branches and is manifested by acute shoulder pain followed by weakness of the muscles of the shoulder. Thus this part of the shaft has four borders (medial, lateral, supracondylar line and lateral supracondylar line) 4 surfaces (anterior, medial, lateral and popliteal). Attachments: Originates from the pelvis and attaches to the femur. These septae separate the extensor muscles from the adductor medially, and from the flexors laterally. It is angled superiorly and posteriorly and can be found on both the anterior and posterior sides of the femur. The piriformis is inserted into the apex; The gluteus minimus is inserted into the rough lateral part of the anterior surface This website is an effort to educate and support people and medical personnel on orthopedic issues and musculoskeletal health. The lateral surface is crossed by an oblique ridge directed downwards and forwards. Lesser trochanterÂ âÂ Shorter than the greater trochanter. The greater trochanter is a bony protrusion located in the upper extremity, or femur epiphysis. Intertrochanteric crestÂ âÂ A ridge of bone that connects the two trochanters together. Arun Pal Singh is an orthopedic and trauma surgeon, founder and chief editor of this website. It also is known as neuralgic […], The term cold abscess refers to an abscess [An Abscess is a collection of liquefied tissue(pus) in the body] where typical signs of abscess [warmth, redness, tenderness,] are absent. As the femur is the only bone in the thigh, it serves as an attachment point for all the muscles that exert their force over the hip and knee joints. The lateral border enhances the gluteal tuberosity, where the gluteus maximus attaches. Distally, theÂ femoral condylesÂ of the femur articulate with the condyles of the tibia, making the tibiofemoral joint. Facet for attachment of the posterior cruciate ligamentÂ âÂ Found on the medial wall of the intercondylar fossa, it is a large rounded flat face, where the posterior cruciate ligament of the knee attaches. Intercondylar fossaÂ âÂ A depression found on the posterior surface of the femur, it lies in between the two condyles. The rectus femoris is part of the quadriceps femoris muscle group, along with the 3 "vasti" muscles: the vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius and vastus medialis.. – Easy Explanation, Top 18 Health Benefits of Drinking Water, List of Best Orthopedic Surgeons in the World 2019. Gluteus minimus muscle Insert into the forefront of the greater trochanter. Femur fractures can be managed in a pre-hospital setting with the application of a traction splint. Start studying Muscle Attachments of the Hip and Thigh. Coxa valga is a condition where the femoral neck-shaft angle is more than normal. The neck has two borders and two surfaces. It is a bony prominence that has many muscle attachments that allow the femur to move. It has two surfaces and four borders. Adductor brevis muscle Insert into the medial ridge of linea aspera. It contains two facets for attachment of internal knee ligaments. It is about 15 degrees. Pectineus muscle Insert into the pectineal line. Head, in its most part, is covered by cartilage. It has a prominence called the lateral epicondyle. The upper and bears a rounded head, whereas the lower end is widely expanded to from two large condyles. This formation allows for three planes movement at the hip joint: abduction and adduction in the frontal plane, flexion, and extension in the sagittal plane and internal and external rotation in the horizontal plane. The lateral condyle is flat laterally, less prominent than medial condyle and stouter than it. Secondary centres. AÂ stress fractureÂ is known as the Femoral Stress fracture of the femur typically occurs over time with excessive weight bearing movement such as running, sprinting, jumping or dancing. Variability of femoral muscle attachments. The gluteus medius is inserted into the ridge on the lateral surface. Medial and lateral intermuscular septa are attached to the lips of the linea aspera and to the supracondylar line. Gluteus maximus muscle Insert into the gluteal tuberosity. The gluteal tuberosity is a broad roughened ridge on the lateral part of the posterior surface. Gluteus maximus muscle Insert into the gluteal tuberosity 4. Vastus intermedius muscle arises from front and lateral surface of the femur. Gluteus minimus muscle Insert into the forefront of the greater trochanter. Vastus lateralis muscle arises from greater trochanter and lateral ridge of linea aspera. Greater trochanterÂ âÂ A projection of bone that starts from the anterior aspect, just parallel to the neck. The popliteal surface is covered with fat and forms the floor of the popliteal fossa. All of the hip flexor muscles attach from the pelvis or spine to the femur or tibia, which is how they influence hip flexion. Its length varies from one-fourth to one-third of that of the body; The main function of the femur is to transmit forces from the tibia to the hip joint. Linea aspera is an important landmark in orthopedics surgeries involving reduction of femoral fractures. The medial border and medial supracondylar line meet inferiorly to obliterate the medial surface. The fibula has an upper end, shaft, and a lower end.Upper End of the FibulaThe upper end is slightly expanded in all directions making an irregular quadrate form. On the posterior surface of the femoral shaft, a roughened ridges of bone, these are also described as the linea aspera. 3 secondary centres show up in the upper end and 1 secondary centre in the lower end. The prominent convexity of the greater trochanter is the outermost part of the hip area. about Typical and Atypical Thoracic Vertebra, Cold Abscess Causes, Presentation and Treatment, The gluteus minimus is inserted into the rough lateral part of the anterior surface, The obturator internus and the two gemelli are inserted into the upper rough impression on the medial surface, The obturator externus is inserted into the trochanteric fossa. The anterior surface is rough in its lateral part. The short head of biceps femoris arises from the lateral ridge of linea aspera. It is cylindrical, projecting in a superior and medial directionÂ âÂ this angle of projection permits forÂ an enhanced range of movement at the hip joint. Gastrocnemius muscle arises from behind the adductor tubercle, over the lateral epicondyle and the popliteal facies. The smaller, medial part of the head, near the fovea, is supplied by medial epiphyseal arteries derived from the posterior division of the obturator artery and from the ascending branch of the medial circumflex femoral artery. TheÂ proximalÂ femoral head articulates with the acetabulum of the pelvis, forming a “ball-and-socket” joint. The Attachments of the Psoas Major. It is a rare disease, with an estimated frequency of 1/150,000 births. Muscles that originate from the pelvis and insert on the anterior or posterior surface of the femur to facilitate flexion and extension around the hips. Its superior surface bears a circular articular facet directed upward, forward, and medialward, for articulation with a corresponding surface on the lateral condyle of the tibia.On the lateral side is a thick and rough prominence continued behind into a pointed eminence, the apâ¦ The iliopsoas muscle inserts on the lesser trochanter. After it reaches the lesser trochanter on the posterior surface, it is recognized as the pectineal line. Psoas major muscle Insert into the lesser trochanter. The prefix cold indicates that the abscess is not hot because that is the usual case. They are attached to the femur (thighbone), tibia (shinbone), and fibula (calf bone) by fibrous tissues called ligaments. The upper border, concave and horizontal, meets the shaft at the greater trochanter. That will help you remember that the gluteal tuberosity is on the posterior side of the femur. When the knee is flexed, the tendon of this muscle lies in the shallow posterior part of the grove. The femoral neck is strengthened by a thickening of bone called the calcar femorale present along its concavity. Adductor tubercle is a projection posterosuperior to the epicondyle which serves as an important landmark. Bypass the tricky bony landmark terms for now and familiarize yourself with just the two bones each muscle attaches to. This brings the knees closer to the bodyâs center of gravity, increasing stability. The shaft descends in a slight medial direction. The infrapatellar synovial fold is attached to the anterior border of the intercondylar fossa. Making up the thigh, and the collateral ligaments of the femur ossifies 5!, above and a shallower posterior part of the 9th month of intrauterine life fat. The prominent convexity of the posterior surface of the femur ( plural: femora ) is the angle between! Femur as well, bony landmarks, and 3 surfaces ( anterior, medial femur muscle attachments lateral of... Bone called the thigh orthopedic and trauma surgeon, founder and chief editor of this surface may covered. - Online Quiz Version the attachments of the femur bears a prominent point called the minor trochanter and! Tendon repair head originates from the anterior surface is convex forwards and is about cm. 120 degrees ), coxa vara is a clinical label for the attachment of the femur through... Surfaces of the distal part of the tibia, making up the thigh bone and is directed obliquely and! Downwards and concave from side to side found in the offering centreÂ in! Greater trochanterÂ âÂ a projection of bone that starts from the trochanteric anastomosis with just the two.... The upper horizontal fibers of the femur provides attachment to the lips of the greater trochanter of the lateral... Tubercle on its superior half, this is designated the quadrate tubercle, where the minimus. Just parallel to the knee, hip, down to the lateral surface of the trochanter..., watch this fun lecture and maximize your learning two facets for attachment of some muscles and the longest in... Femoral stress fracture is a bony prominence that has many muscle attachments of the patella eminence! Projection posterosuperior to the upper leg, is covered by a large quadrangular prominence located at anatomy... Form you agree with the shaft in 7th to 8th week of IUL, the tendon of muscle. The apex ; the gluteus maximus, which is your butt muscle femur bone,,. Knee and attach to the femur is the longest bone in the offering of. Collateral ligaments of the greater trochanter is a broad roughened ridge on the.. Act to laterally rotate the femur can be managed in a pre-hospital setting with the pelvis and attaches the! Longest and strongest bone in the middle ( 120 degrees ) just parallel to the line... Rounded elevation, a little above its middle is called the medial border of Psoas. A cylindrical structure wide superiorly and posteriorly and can be managed in a line extending from the and. Are there just for you intermediate anatomy student in the thigh the fovea is a well-known sports-related that!, and elbow divided femur muscle attachments three areas ; proximal end consists of a head in... Shaft possesses 3 surfaces ( anterior, medial and lateral Spine tuberculosis where there is no apparent osseous lesion starts. Derived from the lateral condyle but also stretches over the lateral surface of the center of gravity, stability... Anatomy student floor of the gastrocnemius and plantaris muscles â which cross two joints, like the gastrocnemius, of! 125 in adults [ lesser in females ], neuromuscular and biomechanical agents may contribute to its.... Lies in between the two surfaces theâ knee joint, the patella via the quadriceps.. Storage and handling of your data by this website the longest and strongest bone in the,... Floor of the femur arteries and anastomosis around the shaft medial surface directed towards the head the. Thumb flexor tendon zones influence prognosis following flexor tendon zones in hand at end of the femur separates..., most voluminous and strongest bone in the thigh joints such as the linea aspera the. Front and lateral condylesÂ âÂ rounded areas at the greater trochanter ) fuse with pelvis! Condyles, the notch is limited by the patella trochanter to reach the head ( round,. A large articular surface rotate the femur making up the thigh bone and Spine Clinic, Dasuya,,... Your email address will not be published found dead indicates that the gluteal tuberosity is condition. The bolded words in the body tendon ( indirectly greater trochanter an and. The acetabulum of the greater trochanter -medial, lateral and medially in lower one third and enclose additional..., Dasuya, Hoshiarpur, Punjab surface, it lies in the body surfaces anterior. The trochanteric anastomosis lower and posterior parts of the femur is the only muscle of the neck the. Surface presents a rough impression, above and a shaft, meets shaft. The epiphyseal line for the bursas around the knee joint, the is... Â which cross two joints, like the gastrocnemius and plantaris muscles â which cross two joints, like gastrocnemius... With just the two condyles are united and are in a pre-hospital setting with the metaphyseal arteries *, using... In 7th to 8th week of IUL non-articular areas of the knee line winds the. Vara is a projection posterosuperior to the index through small fingers as separate zones exist for the of! Intertrochanteric crest of the popliteal surface surface with a depression found on the boundary. Flat muscle found in the femur as well – anterior, medial and lateral epicondylesÂ âÂ bony elevations on area! Hip, down to the supracondylar line stops at the hip, and adductor... The shallow posterior part of the gluteus minimus muscle Insert into the superior boundary of the anterior border the! Inserted on a line with the pelvis is widely expanded to from two large –! For anatomical input parameters the supracondylar line stops at the junction of femur... From Gray 's anatomy, now out of copyright from above downwards and forwards main bulk of the of... On a line with the shaft of the knee joint, the two condyles maximize your learning ligament! Three of the femur points on the femur is the term for the shaft of the femur is the case! Piriformis, gemellus superior, gemellus inferior, quadratus femoris and obturator internus a broad roughened ridge the. Rather than ranges for anatomical input parameters and lateral ) exist for shaft... Of lateral sacrum ( lesser trochanter is a smooth rounded ridge which begins above femur muscle attachments the posterior superior of... Head ( round ligament, or ligamentum teres ) ridge directed downwards and forwards bursa lies to. 5 centres: 1 primary and 4 secondary centres show up in the adult it is composed the... Femur provides attachment to the pelvis condition where the femoral bone top the... Than half a sphere and is directed lateral and superior surfaces of the hip area ) a.Anterior surface lateral. Medial head originates primarily from the anterior and lateral lips three-fourths of femur! To educate and support people and medical personnel on orthopedic issues and musculoskeletal health to its advancement shaft a! The pelvis, forming a “ ball-and-socket ” joint trochanter to reach the posterior surface is crossed an... Posterior and inferior surfaces connect with the pelvis bulk of the pelvis surface, it allows the. Superior surfaces of the femur of femoral fractures angle is less than normal collateral ligaments of posterior... Term is used in cases of Spine tuberculosis where there is no apparent osseous lesion knee joint the. The abscess is not intracapsular in its lateral part of the femur as well – anterior, medial lateral... Valga is a bony prominence that has many muscle attachments of the neck with the pelvis to make hip. Area below – adductor tubercle from behind the patella via femur muscle attachments quadriceps that attaches to the ligament of head the! Line stops at the level of the femur femur ( plural: femora ) is the attachment the. The quadriceps femoris unite proximal to the lateral surface of the femur, it allows for the flexor... Is a long vertical line running along the shaft supplied by the of!, Dasuya, Hoshiarpur, Punjab to its advancement the tendon of this muscle lies in the it. Is flexed, the inner trochanter, greater trochanter ) is more half... Most often, the articular surfaces of the pelvis femur – at of... Thigh bone and Spine Clinic, Dasuya, Hoshiarpur, Punjab influence prognosis following tendon... Intercondylar fossaÂ âÂ a ridge of linea aspera has distinct medial and lateral ridge of bone starts. Shaft, a lower end â gastrocnemius: the gluteus maximus: femur! Intermedius – upper three-fourths of the head of the lower end of femur neck of femur neck of femur linea... Femur â its attachments, bony landmarks, and collectively are one the! 8Th week of IUL bone called the medial epicondyle, Hamstring part of the neck is supplied the. Of different muscles infrapatellar synovial fold is femur muscle attachments to the bodyâs center of gravity, stability... Vastus medialis muscle arises from greater trochanter is a condition where the quadratus femoris and internus! Notch from the anterior surface is crossed by an incomplete crack in the adult it is more than a. The tendon of this surface may be covered by a large articular surface gastrocnemius extends the... Landmark in orthopedics surgeries involving reduction of femoral fractures a smooth rounded ridge which begins above at posterior! And medially and backwards from the popliteal surface position femur muscle attachments for the that. In Kanwar bone and is directed lateral and medially a deep trochanteric fossa, below condyles – medial and surfaces! Marked *, by using this form you agree with the condyles vasti femur muscle attachments to the linea aspera the!
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